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Insurance - An Introduction

v What is Insurance:
Insurance is a contract between the insurer and the insured wherein against receipt of certain amount, called  premium,  the insurer agrees to make good any  financial loss that may be suffered by the insured,  due to the operation of an insured peril on the subject matter of insurance.

v Why People Opt for Insurance?
The Life is full of uncertainties..   People opt for insurance purely for the reasons of uncertainties in life.  Insurance gives the insured a kind of  peace of mind as he is assured to making up the loss in the event of such uncertainities in life happen.

v How does Insurance work?
Insurance is a technique wherein a number of people, who are exposed to similar risk, participate in the scheme and contribute in the shape of periodic premiums.  Such premiums are received by the insurer who is able to pay out of the premiums received by him, for the losses of some of those who have participated in the scheme.
Thus it is wonderful technique of spreading and transfer or risks.

v What kind of Insurance Are Available in India:
Insurance business is divided into four classes , namely :
  • Life Insurance. Popular Products in Life insurance are  Endowment Assurance (Participating), and Money Back (Participating). More than 80% of the life insurance business is from these products
  • Fire Insurance 
  • Marine Insurance 
  • Miscellaneous Insurance. Fire and Miscellaneous insurance businesses are predominant. Motor Vehicle insurance is compulsory. Life Insurers transact  life insurance business; General Insurers transact the rest i.e. Fire Insurance, Marine Insurance and Miscellaneous Insurance.

v What are the Primary Legislations for Insurance in India:
In India Insurance is a federal subject.    The primary legislations that deals with insurance business in India are:
Insurance Act, 1938, and Insurance Regulatory & Development Authority Act, 1999.

v What are Consumer Protections Available in India:
Insurance Industry has Ombudsmen in 12 cities. Each Ombudsman is empowered to redress customer grievances in respect of insurance contracts on personal lines where the insured amount is less than Rs. 20 lakhs, in accordance with the Ombudsman Scheme. Addresses can be obtained from the offices of LIC and other insurers.


  • Term Life Insurance
  • Permanent Life Insurance

  • Fire Insurance
  • Marine Insurance
  • Accident Insurance

NOTE: This is Chapter 1 in a 5 Chapter Series Based  on Insurance.  Keep Visiting..!!

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