Skip to main content


 Brought to you by Competition ZENITH 


  • constitution is the set of fundamental principles according to which a state or central government functions .If these fundamental principles are written down on a document or legal paper, then it is said to embody a written constitution .
  • The first constitution adopted by constituent assembly on 26 November, 1949 .It came in full operation with effect from 26 January, 1950.
  • Constitution of India is the longest written constitution of any independent country in the world .
  • The first constitu-tion adopted by India originally consisted of 22 parts, 395 articles and 8 schedules .At present it consist of 22 parts, 444 articles and 12 schedules


Constituent assembly was established to frame a constitution for the country .Members of the assembly were elected by the provincial assemblies.
Each province and Indian states were allotted seats in proportion of its population, roughly in the ratio of one to million.
Before independence, total number of seats in the assembly was 385, of whom 292 were from provinces (British India) and 93 from Indian states.
After partition of India number of members of the assembly came to 299, of whom 284 were actually pre-sent on the 26 November, 1949and signed the final approved constitution of India.
It took two years, eleven months and seventeen days for constituent assembly to finalise the constitution.
Dr. B.R Ambedkar was the head of drafting committee which drafted the constitution.

Art.1-4:The Union and its territory.
Art.14-18: Right to equality.
Art.19-22: Right to freedom.
Art.23-24: Right against Exploitation.
Art.40: Organisation of village panchayats.
Art.44: Uniform civil Code for the citizens.
Art.45: Provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of six years.
Art.48: Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry.
Art.48A: Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life.
Art.49: Protection of monuments and places and objects of national importance.
Art.51: Promotion of international peace and security.
Art.54: Need of president (election of president).
Art.66: Need of Vice-President (election of vice-president).
Art.107: Provisions as to introduction and passing of bills.
Art.109: Special procedure in respect of Money bills.
Art.112: Annual financial statement (Budget).
Art.124: Establishment and Constitution of Supreme court

10TH Constitutional Amendment Act, 1961: Incorporation of Dadra and Nagar Haveli as Union territory.
12th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1962: Inclusion of territories of Goa, Daman and Diu into the Indian Union.
13th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1962: Insertion of Art.371 A to make special provisions for the administration of the state of Nagaland.
36th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1975: Made Sikkim a full-fledged state of Union of India.
42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976 (Mini Constitution): The 42nd Amendment made fundamental changes in the Constitutional structure and it incorporated the words ‘SOCIALIST’, ‘SECULAR’ and ‘INTEGRITY’.
70th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992: Altered Art. 54 and 368 to include members of legislative assemblies of Union Territories of Delhi and Pondicherry in the electoral college for election of the President.
73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992: Panchayati Raj received Constitutional guarantee, status and legitimacy.
74th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992: Constitutional sanctity to Municipalities.

Popular posts from this blog

Spotting Error Quiz IV - With Explanation For SSC Exam 2015

  Hello Readers, As you know that Spotting Error types question is an important part of competitive examinations and seldom any book provide you the detailed solution. So we have decided to provide you the previous year questions of  spotting error along with the Explanation . If you like it let us know, you can also ask for detailed solutions of questions that are bothering you. 1.     I found (a)/ the two first chapters of the book (b)/ particularly interesting. (c)/ No error (d) Answer    (b) Explanation : It should be   ‘the first two chapters’ . 2.     Bacon, the father of the English easy (a) / had a thirst (b) / of knowledge (c) / No error (d) Answer    (a) Explanation : The English means the citizen of England.   Article is not used before language

English Error Spotting - Previous Year Questions of SSC CGL

Competition Zenith brings you a post on Error Spotting to boost your English for competitive exams. We are providing you the specifically chosen questions from previous year papers of SSC CGL with the best possible explanation in simplest of the language. Below are some questions with explanation: Questions 1. Have trust on(a)/God and everything(b) /will be right.(c) /(d) No error 2. The cattles (a) /are grazing (b) /in the fields.(c) /(d) No error 3. He is one of (a)/ the best novelists (b) /that has ever lived. Do you agree? (c)/no error (d) 4. On a rainy day (a) /I enjoy to watch TV (b) / with a hot cup of tea.(c ) /no error(d) 5. No sooner did (a)/I reach (b)/ Patna railway station than the train departed(c)/no error (d) 6. There is no agreement (a) / between you and I (b) /so we are free to go our way(c) /no error (d) 7. A variety of books (a) / is available in the market (b) / to help the students qualify the competitive examinations.(c) /no error 8.

Easy way to understand Direct and Indirect speech rules

Introduction. There two ways to convey a message of a person, or the words spoken by a person to other person. 1.       Direct speech 2.       Indirect speech Suppose your friend whose name is Vipul tells you in College , “I will give you a pen”. You come to home and you want to tell your brother what your friend told you. There are two ways to tell him. Direct speech:   Vipul said, “I will give you a pen”. Indirect Speech:  Vipul said that he would give me a pen. In direct speech   the original words of person are narrated (no change is made) and are enclosed in quotation mark. While in indirect speech some changes are made in original words of the person because these words have been spoken in past so the tense will change accordingly and pronoun may also be changed accordingly. In indirect speech  the statement of the person is not enclosed in quotation marks, the word “ that ” may be used before the statement to show that it is indirect sp