Skip to main content

Chapter 6 Post Maurya Period And Gupta Period

Post- Mauryan Dynasties (200AD- 300 AD)


Shunga Dynasty

  • Founder Pushyamitra Sunga  Last Devbhuti murdered by Vasudev Kanav
  • Followers of Brahmanism
  • Performed Ashvamedh Sacrifice with the help of Patanjali
  • "Malvikagnimitram" - Kalidas
  • Protected North against Bacterian Greek
  • Pushyamitra fought against Kharvel of Kalinga
Kharvel
- 3rd ruler of Cheta Dynasty
- "Hathigumpha Inscription"
- Followed Jainism

Kanav Dynasty

  •  Founded by Vasudev Kanav def by Satvahans

Satvahana Dynasty

  •  Founded by Sheemukh  Last - Sri Yajna Satkarni (Eka Brahman)Cap - Paithan
  • "Nasik & Nanagadh Insciption" describes Satkarni by his mother Gautami Balsari
  • Land grant system to Brahmins was started by Satavahanas
  • Issued coins with image of Ship
  • Issued Max no of Lead Coins
  • Silver Coins - Karshapanas

Foreign Dynasties


The Indo-Greeks (Bacterians)

  • Bacterians got independent from Syrian empire, then led by Demetrius who occupied Afganistan & punjab. Appointed commander 'Appolodotus' & 'Menander' from Taxilla
  • Appolodotus extended upto Ujjain
  • Menander or 'Milinda having Cap - Sialcot (Pak) extended upto Mathura & tried upto Patliputra but failed as Vasumitra (Gr son of Pushya) opposed
  • Milind converted to Buddhism by his Guru G - Nagasena
  • "Milindapanho" - Q/A b/w Milinda & Nagasena
  • "Garuda Pillar" at Besnagar (Vidisha, MP) - Helidorus (Greek Amb) 
  • Bacterians were 1st to issue Coins as well as Gold Coins & coins carried portrait of Kings & their Names
  • "Gandhar School Of Art" developed, also influenced indian Science & Astronomy

The Shakas or Scythians
  • Founder - Maues                Last - Rudrasimha-III def by Chandragupta-II
  • Entered Ind through Bolan Pass
  • Vikramaditya defeated Shaka in & retook Ujjain & started celebrating Vikram Samvat (57 BC)
The Kushanas or Yuechis
  • Founder - Kujul Kadphises
  • Came from north central Asia near China. Their empire included a good part of central Asia, a portion of Iran, a portion of Afghanistan, Pakistan & almost whole of north India.
  • Kanishka was their most famous King  Cap - Peshawar or Puruspur
  • He patronized the following persons:
1.       Ashwaghosha (wrote ‘Buddhacharita’)
2.       Nagarjuna
3.       Vasumitra (Chairman of 4th Buddhist council, organised by Kanishka)
4.       Charak (a physician, wrote ‘charak samhita’)
  • He started an era in AD 78, which is now known as Saka era and is used by the Govt. Of India.
  • Fought against Chienese
  • Follower of Mahayan Buddhism

The Gupta Dynasty (Golden Age)


  • The first two kings of the dynasty were Srigupta and Ghatotkacha. Last - Vishnugupta
  • "Devichandraguptam" & "Mudrarakshnam" - Visakadatta
  • Called golden age because of maximum number of Gold coins

Chandragupta 1 (Maharajadhiraj)
  • 'Meherauli Iron Pillar Inscription' - describes him

Samudragupta (Kaviraj)
  • 'Allahabad Pillar Inscription' by Harisen (in Skt) & 'Ashoka Pillar' at Allahabad describe him
  • Issued Gold Coins represented himself playing Veena
  • Follower of vaishsnavism & Buddhist scholar 'Vasubandu'
  • Samudragupta is called the ‘Napolean of India’.

Chandragupta II (Vikramaditya or Sakari)
  • His court was adorned by celebrated nine gems (Navratnas) including Kalidasa, Amarsimha, Varahmihir, and Dhanvantri.
  • Chinese pilgrim Fahien visited India at this time.
  •  Gained access to ports of Arabian sea & major export import with Romans
  • 'Mehrauli Inscription' - describes him
Kumargupta I (Mahendraditya )
  • Founded Nalanda University (a renowned university of ancient India).

Skandgupta (Devraj)
  • Saved Ind from Hun invasion
  • Repaired dam of 'Sudarshan Lake'
  • After his death, the great days of the Guptas were over.
'Bhitari Stone Inscription' - Ghazipur (UP)
'Eran Inscription' - Sagar (MP) 1st inscription that tells about Sati Pratha


Literature of Gupta Period:

Author
Work
Kalidasa
Abhigyan shankultalam, Ritusamhara, Meghadutam, Kumarasambhavan, Malavikagnimitram, Vikramaurvashi, Raghuvansham.
Shudraka
Mrichhakatikam
Vishakhadatta
Mudrarakshasa
Vishnu Sharma
Panchtantra, Hitopdesh
Amarsimha
Amarkosha
Aryabhatta
Aryabhatta, Suryasiddhanta
Varahmihira
Brihatsamhita


Popular posts from this blog

Spotting Error Quiz IV - With Explanation For SSC Exam 2015

  Hello Readers, As you know that Spotting Error types question is an important part of competitive examinations and seldom any book provide you the detailed solution. So we have decided to provide you the previous year questions of  spotting error along with the Explanation . If you like it let us know, you can also ask for detailed solutions of questions that are bothering you. 1.     I found (a)/ the two first chapters of the book (b)/ particularly interesting. (c)/ No error (d) Answer    (b) Explanation : It should be   ‘the first two chapters’ . 2.     Bacon, the father of the English easy (a) / had a thirst (b) / of knowledge (c) / No error (d) Answer    (a) Explanation : The English means the citizen of England.   Article is not used before language

English Error Spotting - Previous Year Questions of SSC CGL

Competition Zenith brings you a post on Error Spotting to boost your English for competitive exams. We are providing you the specifically chosen questions from previous year papers of SSC CGL with the best possible explanation in simplest of the language. Below are some questions with explanation: Questions 1. Have trust on(a)/God and everything(b) /will be right.(c) /(d) No error 2. The cattles (a) /are grazing (b) /in the fields.(c) /(d) No error 3. He is one of (a)/ the best novelists (b) /that has ever lived. Do you agree? (c)/no error (d) 4. On a rainy day (a) /I enjoy to watch TV (b) / with a hot cup of tea.(c ) /no error(d) 5. No sooner did (a)/I reach (b)/ Patna railway station than the train departed(c)/no error (d) 6. There is no agreement (a) / between you and I (b) /so we are free to go our way(c) /no error (d) 7. A variety of books (a) / is available in the market (b) / to help the students qualify the competitive examinations.(c) /no error 8.

Easy way to understand Direct and Indirect speech rules

Introduction. There two ways to convey a message of a person, or the words spoken by a person to other person. 1.       Direct speech 2.       Indirect speech Suppose your friend whose name is Vipul tells you in College , “I will give you a pen”. You come to home and you want to tell your brother what your friend told you. There are two ways to tell him. Direct speech:   Vipul said, “I will give you a pen”. Indirect Speech:  Vipul said that he would give me a pen. In direct speech   the original words of person are narrated (no change is made) and are enclosed in quotation mark. While in indirect speech some changes are made in original words of the person because these words have been spoken in past so the tense will change accordingly and pronoun may also be changed accordingly. In indirect speech  the statement of the person is not enclosed in quotation marks, the word “ that ” may be used before the statement to show that it is indirect sp