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The President is the nominal executive authority (de jure executive) and Prime Minister is the real executive authority (de facto executive).

Appointment of the P.M. (Article 75)
  • The Prime Minister appointed by the president i.e. the President has to appoint the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha as the Prime Minister.
  • When no party has a clear majority in the Lok Sabha, then the President may exercise his  & appoints the leader of the largest party or coalition in the Lok Sabha as the Prime Minister and asks him to seek a vote of confidence in the House within a month.
Facts Related to PM's
  • First PM to be appointed by the President's personal discretion - Charan Singh by Neelam Sanjiva Reddy (the then President) in 1979.
  • First PM to be appointed by the President when the Prime Minister in office died - Rajiv Gandhi by President Zail Singh in 1984.
In 1997, the Supreme Court held that a person who is not a member of either House of Parliament can be appointed as Prime Minister for six months, within which, he should become a member of either House of Parliament.

Oath, Term and Salary
  • The president administers to him the oaths of office and secrecy.
  • The term of the Prime Minister is not fixed and he holds office during the pleasure of the president. This does not mean that the president can dismiss the Prime Minister at any time. 
  • So long as the Prime Minister enjoys the majority support in the Lok Sabha, he cannot be dismissed by the President.
  • The salary and allowances of the Prime Minister are determined by the Parliament from time to time. He gets the salary and allowances that are payable to a member of Parliament.
Powers & Functions of PM

1. Related to Council of Ministers
  • He guides, directs, controls, and coordinates the activities of all the ministers.
  • He recommends persons who can be appointed as ministers by the president.
  • He can bring about the collapse of the council of ministers by resigning from office.
  • The resignation or death of an incumbent Prime Minister automatically dissolves the council of ministers and thereby generates a vacuum. 
2. Related to President
  • He advises the president with regard to the appointment of attorney general of India, Comptroller and Auditor General of India, chairman and members of the UPSC, election commissioners, chairman and members of the finance commission
3. Related to Parliament
The Prime Minister is the leader of the Lower House.
  • He can recommend dissolution of the Lok Sabha to President at any time.
  • He announces government policies on the floor of the House.
  • He advises the President with regard to summoning and proroguing of the sessions of the Parliament.
Other Functions of PM
i. Chairman of the Planning Commission, National Development Council, National Integration Council, Inter-State Council and National Water Resources Council.
ii. Chief spokesman of the Union government.
iii. Political head of the services.
iv. Leader of the party in power.

There are Six People who become PM after CM - Morarji Desai, Charan Singh, V.P. Singh, P.V. Narasimha Rao and H.D. Deve Gowda, Narendra Modi.

List Of PM's Of India

Key Information
Pandit Jawarharlal Nehru
15th/08/47 To 27th/05/64

First Prime Minister of Independent India

Gulzarilal Nanda
27th/05/64 To 9th/06/64

the first 'Interim Prime Minister' of India
Lal Bahadur Shastri
9th/06/64 To 11th/01/66

1st PM who died in office

Gulzarilal Nanda
11th/01/66 To 24th/01/66

second "Interim Prime Minister" of India
Indira Gandhi
24th/01/66 To 24th/03/77

the first and the only lady Prime Minister of India
Morarji Desai
24th/03/77 To 28th/07/79

the first Non-congress Prime Minister of India (Janta Party)
Charan Singh
28th/07/79 To 14th/01/80

Never Faced the Parliament in his tenure

Indira Gandhi
14th/01/80 To 31st/10/84

Rajiv Gandhi
31st/10/84 To 1st/12/89

the youngest Prime Minister of India
V. P. Singh
2nd/12/89 To 10th/11/90

Chandra Shekhar
10th/11/90 To 21st/06/91

P. V. Narasimha Rao
21st/06/91 To 16th/05/96

1st PM from South India
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
16th/05/96 To  16th/05/96

H. D. Deve Gowda
1st/06/96 To 21st/04/97

I. K. Gujral
21st/04/97 To 19th/03/98

Atal Bihari Vajpayee
19th/03/98 To 22nd/05/04

Manmohan Singh
22nd/05/04 To 26th/05/14

Narendra Modi
26th/05/2014 to till date

  • If you have been hearing Narendra Modi variously described as the 14th and the 15th Prime Minister of India, depending on the channel or the news report you watched or read, worry not.
  • The confusion is only because some of them seem to be counting Gulzari Lal Nanda as the second PM as he was officially the Acting PM before and after Lal Bahadur Shastri (after Nehru's death from 27 May, 1964 to 9 June, 1964 before Shastri's formal swearing in and after Shastri's death, from 11 January 1966 to 24 January 1966, before Indira Gandhi was sworn in).


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